Martand Sun Temple, Anantnag, Kashmir

Martand Sun Temple

Martand Sun Temple, Anantnag, Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir is such a beautiful mystery in itself, the more you try to know, the more beautiful it seems. So let’s go again towards Anantnag.

Find More: Kashmir Holiday Travel Packages

Dedicated to the Sun God, 1250 years old and one of the few selected Sun temples but ruined by foreign Islamic invaders, this Surya Mandir is located in Anantnag Kashmir. Or justly speaking, an unsurpassed piece of Hindu art is lying scattered and eating dust.

But why so?

It was demolished just before the 15th century by Sikandar Butshikan while forcibly converting to Islam in Kashmir, and it has remained in the same condition since then. Sikandar Shah Miri alias Sikandar Butshikan was the sixth sultan of the Shahmiri dynasty in Kashmir. He ruled from 1389 to 1413 CE and his methods for forcefully converting Kashmiri Hindus to Islam are criticized. But it hurts when we find that even those who have this heritage have not made any concerted efforts to restore it. Although it was widely used commercially in many Bollywood songs, the temple remains as it is today. Isn’t it ironic!!

Martand Sun Temple

Barely 12 kms from Anantnag, the ruins of this historic Martand Sun Temple and its dilapidated condition welcome you hoping for its revival. Martand is called Mattan in the local language.

There is a reservoir here which is buzzing with colorful fish, if you go, definitely see it! When you see it for the first time, you will be blown away whether we are at such a low level of intellectual, spiritual or ability that we cannot even preserve these memories of ancestors, which are the pinnacle of art in themselves.

History of Martand Sun Temple

Sun Temple Kashmir

According to Rajatarangini which is the book of Kalhana (which describes the history of kings and hence the title ‘river of kings’ meaning ‘time flow of kings’) the Martand Sun Temple was built in 8th century CE by Lalitaditya Muktapeeda, the third ruler of the Karkotaka dynasty. Built during -756 CE. Keep in mind here that the time of writing this book was around 1150 CE. Today’s Kashmir is addressed as Kashyapameru in Rajatarangini. Whereas according to ‘Tarikh-e-Hasan’ (one of the oldest available histories of Kashmir) Ranaditya had established a city named Babylon in Kareva of South Kashmir and laid the foundation of a Martandeshwari temple in front of his palace between 3rd – 4th century. Was. (The word karewas is used for plateau in the local language). And it is believed that after the seventh century CE, King Lalitaditya Muktapid built the Martanda temple on the foundation of this Martandeshwari temple and dedicated it to Surya. As we discussed above, the Martand temple was built on such a high plateau part from where the entire Kashmir valley could be seen clearly, that is, from the point of view of security, it acted as a vantage point. Its ruins and associated archaeological research suggest that the Martand Sun Temple was a masterpiece of Kashmiri architecture, a blend of Gandharan, Gupta, Chinese, Roman, Syrian-Byzantine and Greek architecture. Isn’t it surprising!

Look at the level of skill of the art – in the diversity in which today the lesson of unity has almost disappeared, even at that time its creators had absorbed so many arts within it, that too without changing their basic structure.

Revival Efforts

It is not that no voice was raised for its revival, but due to the influence of politics, whatever steps were taken by the government, they have also been done half-heartedly. Except for a few basic facilities like toilets for the tourists, no impressive step has ever been taken to make this place a religious or historical pilgrimage site. The maintenance of this site is done by the Archeological Survey of India, through which information has been given by hanging a board. ASI may never get both the order and the funds to give it priority.

The main temple is located in a centralized complex, believed to have had a pyramid at its top. The pyramid at the top of the temple is a common feature seen in Kashmiri temples. The wall carvings in the hall located between the sanctum sanctorum and the auditorium of the temple depict deities other than the sun god Vishnu and the mother rivers like Ganga and Yamuna. Which awakens in your mind a wonderful feeling of the time of your ancestors.

5 1 vote
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Recent Post

Popular Festivals in Northeast India that You Should Visit in 2022

Festivals in North East India

If you have not visited North East India, then the festivals in North East India might just give you a very... read more

Visit 17 Top National Parks on Your Next Trip to North East in 2022

National Parks in North East

The North-Eastern region of India conjures up images of the mighty Brahmaputra and the lofty Himalayan moun... read more

Top 10 Famous Shiva Temples in Uttarakhand

Shiva Temples in Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand is a land of age-old temples, and Shiva temples in Uttarakhand are very famous. Lord Shiva is w... read more

मसूरी में घूमने के लिए 21 सर्वश्रेष्ठ पर्यटक स्थल

Places to Visit in Mussoorie

मसूरी उत्तराखंड के सबसे प्रसिद्ध हिल स्... read more

Top 10 Monastery in Sikkim

Best Monastery in Sikkim

Sikkim is a small state in northeast India but is one of the most beautiful. India’s highest mountain, Mo... read more

धनोल्टी में घूमने के लिए 13 बेहतरीन जगहें

Places to Visit in Dhanaulti

धनोल्टी उत्तराखंड के सबसे खूबसूरत हिल स... read more

20 Famous Temples in Uttarakhand

Famous Temples in Uttarakhand

Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is blessed with the divine presence of its temples. Vedas and Puranas have countless ... read more

Travel Guide to Kailash Mansarovar Yatra That You Should Read

Kailash Mansarovar Travel Guide

2022 is here and it’s time to start preparing for a trip of epic proportions. Get ready to experience the... read more

जानिए मुक्तिनाथ मंदिर के बारे में पूरी जानकारी

मुक्तिनाथ मंदिर

मुक्तिनाथ मंदिर मस्टैंग जिले में है, नेप... read more

Would love your thoughts, please comment.x